THE’alliance is definitely on the move. Saturday, December 4, all that Europe has sovereignist, conservative or far-right parties meets in Warsaw, Poland. Objective of this unprecedented grand raout: to bring together the necessary conditions for a future alliance of all the parties gathered in the European Parliament. This Polish meeting is the second stage of a process of union initiated last July, when the fifteen parties concerned signed a platform in favor of a large rally.
Marine Le Pen, representative of the National Rally (RN) in Warsaw, told journalists that these political groups are participating in this meeting, the objective of which is to create “this large group” in the European Parliament where they are currently split into two groups. distinct. “We can optimistically envisage in the coming months the outlet if you want this political force” which, if it emerges, “will be the second force within the European Parliament”, declared the presidential candidate. in France next April.
Besides Marine Le Pen and the leader of the Italian League Matteo Salvini (absent however in Warsaw), among the signatories of the July declaration were the Prime Minister and head of Hungarian Fidesz Viktor Orban, the leader of the PiS Jaroslaw Kaczynski, the president of Vox in Spain Santiago Abascal, and the conductor of Fratelli d’Italia, Giorgia Meloni, expected in Warsaw. The full list of participants was not yet released Friday by the organizers.
In the European Parliament, the RN and the League belong to the Identity and Democracy (ID) group, while Law and Justice, Vox and Fratelli d’Italia are in the European Conservatives and Reformists (CRE) group. Fidesz, which divorced in March from the European People’s Party (EPP) group, is looking for other partners.
“It is a long-term job to succeed in bringing together all the political movements. It takes time, ”admitted Mme Le Pen, for whom the Warsaw meeting will be an “important step”. Parties that signed the declaration in July insisted on the need for “deep reform” of the EU, fearing the “creation of a European superstate”.
A historic turning point
According to Ewa Marciniak, political scientist from the Polish Academy of Sciences, the participants will try to “minimize the differences between them”, in particular their sometimes divergent positions vis-à-vis Moscow, abortion, the LGBT movement, or their historical affiliations, insisting on “The common will to rediscover the roots of the EU, the thought of the founding fathers of the EU”. Polish experts evoke the current context of the meeting, with the creation of a new government coalition in Germany, and the signing by Paris and Rome, last week, of a reinforced cooperation treaty to consolidate a relationship proven in recent years , against the backdrop of the transition taking place in Europe with the departure of Angela Merkel. “One of the elements of the new coalition agreement in Germany evokes the federalization of the EU”, contrary to the wishes of the sovereignist leaders, recalls Ewa Marciniak.
On Friday, Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki considered that this is currently a “turning point in the history of Europe, of the European Union, of the sovereign Member States of the EU”. ” That is […] together we will put a stop to the usurpation which concentrates the power in the hands of the European elites […], or we will be faced with the extension of skills [des institutions européennes, NDLR] and the contraction of what is one of the best inventions of humanity, that is to say sovereign states, ”he said during a meeting of experts.
For her part, Katalin Novak, Hungarian Minister for the Family, assured that “Fidesz’s objective is to ensure that people who are nationalists, pro-freedom, anti-immigration and respectful of traditional family values are represented as strongly as possible in the European decision-making process ”. In October, Mme Le Pen has already met MM. Morawiecki and Orban, to denounce the “enslavement” of the EU and the “migratory submersion”.
Poland and Hungary are threatened by an EU mechanism making it possible to suspend the payment of European funds in the event of a violation of the principles of the rule of law, due to their recurring disputes with Brussels over respect for values considered fundamental within the European Union.